General Data Protection Regulation


Organizations collect data from their users in order to gain insight into the mindsets of their users. At times, organizations collect more information than necessary and utilize the collected information in an unscrupulous manner. Moreover, some organizations end up losing the collected information due to negligence. EU lawmakers are trying to curb such behavior by requiring organizations to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation or GDPR. Companies that collect data from EU citizens must comply with the GDPR by May 25, 2018. There are enormous consequences for not complying with the GDPR such as fines up to 20MM Euros or 4% of annual revenue whichever is higher. Here you can find the official PDF of the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (General Data Protection Regulation). All Articles of the GDPR are linked with suitable recitals.

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Chapter 11 2 3 4
Chapter 25 6 7 8 9 10 11
Chapter 312 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Chapter 424 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
Chapter 544 45 46 47 48 49 50
Chapter 651 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
Chapter 760 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76
Chapter 877 78 79 80 81 82 83 84
Chapter 985 86 87 88 89 90 91
Chapter 1092 93
Chapter 1194 95 96 97 98 99

Chapter 1 – General provisions

Article 1Subject-matter and objectives
Article 2Material scope
Article 3Territorial scope
Article 4Definitions

Chapter 2 – Principles

Article 5Principles relating to processing of personal data
Article 6Lawfulness of processing
Article 7Conditions for consent
Article 8Conditions applicable to child's consent in relation to information society services
Article 9Processing of special categories of personal data
Article 10Processing of personal data relating to criminal convictions and offences
Article 11Processing which does not require identification

Chapter 3 – Rights of the data subject

Section 1Transparency and modalities
Article 12Transparent information, communication and modalities for the exercise of the rights of the data subject
Section 2Information and access to personal data
Article 13Information to be provided where personal data are collected from the data subject
Article 14Information to be provided where personal data have not been obtained from the data subject
Article 15Right of access by the data subject
Section 3Rectification and erasure
Article 16Right to rectification
Article 17Right to erasure (‘right to be forgotten’)
Article 18Right to restriction of processing
Article 19Notification obligation regarding rectification or erasure of personal data or restriction of processing
Article 20Right to data portability
Section 4Right to object and automated individual decision-making
Article 21Right to object
Article 22Automated individual decision-making, including profiling
Section 5Restrictions
Article 23Restrictions

Chapter 4 – Controller and processor

Section 1General obligations
Article 24Responsibility of the controller
Article 25Data protection by design and by default
Article 26Joint controllers
Article 27Representatives of controllers or processors not established in the Union
Article 28Processor
Article 29Processing under the authority of the controller or processor
Article 30Records of processing activities
Article 31Cooperation with the supervisory authority
Section 2Security of personal data
Article 32Security of processing
Article 33Notification of a personal data breach to the supervisory authority
Article 34Communication of a personal data breach to the data subject
Section 3Data protection impact assessment and prior consultation
Article 35Data protection impact assessment
Article 36Prior consultation
Section 4Data protection officer
Article 37Designation of the data protection officer
Article 38Position of the data protection officer
Article 39Tasks of the data protection officer
Section 5Codes of conduct and certification
Article 40Codes of conduct
Article 41Monitoring of approved codes of conduct
Article 42Certification
Article 43Certification bodies

Chapter 5 – Transfers of personal data to third countries or international organisations

Article 44General principle for transfers
Article 45Transfers on the basis of an adequacy decision
Article 46Transfers subject to appropriate safeguards
Article 47Binding corporate rules
Article 48Transfers or disclosures not authorised by Union law
Article 49Derogations for specific situations
Article 50International cooperation for the protection of personal data

Chapter 6 – Independent supervisory authorities

Section 1Independent status
Article 51Supervisory authority
Article 52Independence
Article 53General conditions for the members of the supervisory authority
Article 54Rules on the establishment of the supervisory authority
Section 2Competence, tasks and powers
Article 55Competence
Article 56Competence of the lead supervisory authority
Article 57Tasks
Article 58Powers
Article 59Activity reports

Chapter 7 – Cooperation and consistency

Section 1Cooperation
Article 60Cooperation between the lead supervisory authority and the other supervisory authorities concerned
Article 61Mutual assistance
Article 62Joint operations of supervisory authorities
Section 2Consistency
Article 63Consistency mechanism
Article 64Opinion of the Board
Article 65Dispute resolution by the Board
Article 66Urgency procedure
Article 67Exchange of information
Section 3European data protection board
Article 68European Data Protection Board
Article 69Independence
Article 70Tasks of the Board
Article 71Reports
Article 72Procedure
Article 73Chair
Article 74Tasks of the Chair
Article 75Secretariat
Article 76Confidentiality

Chapter 8 – Remedies, liability and penalties

Article 77Right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority
Article 78Right to an effective judicial remedy against a supervisory authority
Article 79Right to an effective judicial remedy against a controller or processor
Article 80Representation of data subjects
Article 81Suspension of proceedings
Article 82Right to compensation and liability
Article 83General conditions for imposing administrative fines
Article 84Penalties

Chapter 9 – Provisions relating to specific processing situations

Article 85Processing and freedom of expression and information
Article 86Processing and public access to official documents
Article 87Processing of the national identification number
Article 88Processing in the context of employment
Article 89Safeguards and derogations relating to processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes
Article 90Obligations of secrecy
Article 91Existing data protection rules of churches and religious associations

Chapter 10 – Delegated acts and implementing acts

Article 92Exercise of the delegation
Article 93Committee procedure

Chapter 11 – Final provisions

Article 94Repeal of Directive 95/46/EC
Article 95Relationship with Directive 2002/58/EC
Article 96Relationship with previously concluded Agreements
Article 97Commission reports
Article 98Review of other Union legal acts on data protection
Article 99Entry into force and application